fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "from the desk of" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "outstanding contractors" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Tracey Bynes" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 6 Sep 2021 07:49:32 +0100
Subject: YOUR OVER DUE INHERITANCE FUND
From the Desk of Mr. Tracey Bynes
Fund Operational Manager
CitiBank New York, NY 10016, USA
Our Ref: Cb0021-docs/021
Your Ref: CBU/WB/IMF/USA -21
The Recently Launched Economic Co-operation Development (ECOD), With
the Efforts of the World Bank to Synergize International Advances in
the Area of External Debt Statistics. Due to This Newly Launched
Organization, the World Bank Has Gratified the International Debt
Management to Look Into and Release All Outstanding
Contractors/Workers That Are Due For Payment With Us. In This Regards,
You Are Among the Lucky Names Selected Among the Unsettled
Contractors/Workers Who Have Not Received Their Payments. I Wish to
Inform You That the International Debt Management Was Approved and
Instructed by World Debt Organization & World Bank to Process and
Release All the Outstanding Due Payments.
We Officially Notify You Through This Email, That the World Bank in
Conjunction With the United States Set Aside Us$3.4billion to Pay in
Good Claims From Foreign Inheritance Fund (Next of Kin); in Line With
This the United States On Foreign Debt Matters (USFDM) Ordered, That
Contractors and Next-Of-KINS Whose File Have Shown Sufficient Proof
Regarding Job Execution and Debt Outstanding Be Settled Without
Further Delay. We Wish to Inform You That Your File Was Forwarded to
Citibank New York by Various Offices and Department Showing That You
Have Fulfilled All Conditions Necessary to Receive Your Payment.
The Delayed Reasons for Your Due Prolonged Payment Was Because of
Counter-claim On Your Fund, This Necessitated All the Needful
Documents Relating to Your Contract Payment, Which We Were Convinced
That You Are the Bona-fide Beneficiary to the Fund. There Was Attempts
To Divert Your Payment to Foreign Account Which Was Done by Your Local
Representatives in Collaboration With Some Officials and Most of the
Officials Involved in Several Executive in This Misconduct Have Been
Sacked. I Hereby to Inform You This Day That Your Inheritance Sum
Calculated Us$23.3m Shall Be Paid to You via ATM Card or Any Other
Choice You Tick For Your Us$23.3m Shall Be Paid to You Due to
Rules/regulation Guiding Bank Secrecy Act(BSA). Be Aware That All
Necessary Modalities Concerning The Release of Your Fund Have
Regularized, You Are Require of Maximum Honesty Concentration to Make
This ATM Card Delivered to Your Doorstep Within 72hrs.
Finally, Kindly Provide the Detailed Information Below and Get Back to
Us for Your ATM Card to Be Delivered to Your Doorstep:
Personal Phone/mobile No:
Attached Copy of Your Driver's License:
Please Provide the Above Information Accurately, Because This Office
Will Not Be Held Liable for Any Wrong Delivery of Funds via ATM Card.
Thanks for Banking With Citi Bank While We Look Forward to Serving You
With the Best of Our Service.
Mr. Tracey Bynes
Fund Operational Manager
Head Foreign Transfer Department
Citibank New York, NY 10016, USA