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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr Franko" <>
Date: Mon, 12 Jul 2021 07:49:20 +0100
Subject: SPENDE

-- Ich bin Manuel Franko, ein US-amerikanischer Staatsb=FCrger. Ich bin $ =
768 Millionen Power Ball Lottery Jackpot Gewinner und spende $ 3 Millionen =
f=FCr Sie, um Wohlt=E4tigkeitsorganisationen in Ihrer Gemeinde zu helfen. W=
eitere Informationen finden Sie auf der Website und auf YouTube, damit Sie =
diesem Prozess nicht skeptisch gegen=FCberstehen:
/winner-768-million-powerball-jackpot-revealed/story?id=3D62571392 YouTube:= Bitte senden Sie eine Antwor=
t an meine private E-Mail: Fordern Sie diese Spende an. =

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Anti-fraud resources: