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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Kennedy Uzoka <>
Date: Sun, 5 Sep 2021 12:43:09 +0100
Subject: Payment Update,

Good day,

This is to notify you that your fund $2.5M USD has been moved and
deposited in your name with our bank for urgent release, and every
arrangements has been made for the bank to release your fund $2.5M USD
as soon as you establish contacts with us for proper verification and

As a matter of fact and urgency, you are required to re-confirm your
full personal details, such as your full names, direct cell phone
numbers and your international passport for proper verification and
identification, to enable us submit them for final approval before
your funds can be released to you with immediate effect and without
further delay.

Mr. Kennedy Uzoka
Head Foreign Payments.

Anti-fraud resources: