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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Olivia Guei" <>
Date: Sun, 05 Sep 2021 05:54:17 +0000
Subject: Message from Olivia


Greetings,My name is Olivia Guei from Cote d'ivoire West Africa,the daughter of late former military head of state of Ivory Coast.I would like to know you and discuss investment issue with you, I wish to let you know that i will be interested to invest in your company or any lucrative business with someone who has a business experience.

I have Inherited Fund ( USD$ 5.5M) i will like to invest through your assistant, please kindly get back to me through my contacts for more details.

I will be waiting to hear from you.

SKYPE: olivia.guei

Olivia Guei.

Anti-fraud resources: