fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Miss Smiley Elizabeth <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sun, 5 Sep 2021 01:56:54 +0100
Subject: Email Or Text Him On +1 (205) 710-1842
United Bank has finalize all the necessary arrangement concerning your
fund which has been deposited into ATM MasterCard, I wish to inform
you that your ATM CARD will be shipped through DHL or USPS Office
whichever one that you're comfortable with,Pin Code included.
You're advised to get in contact with the dispatcher office Mr Jamie
Davis whom will oversee the successful delivery of your ATM MasterCard
without any glitch.
You're to furnish him with the necessary details to enable him
facilitate the delivery of your ATM MasterCard which contain the total
sum US$10.5 Million dollars.
Email him on (email@example.com)
Whatsapp Only +1(601) 429-3998
Text Only +1 (205) 710-1842
with below information.
1. Full name .............
3. Contact Address..........
4. Telephone Number ......
5. Occupation .............
Ask him of what you need to do to get Your ATM MasterCard delivered
within the time frame.
Awaiting your honest and timely response.
Miss Elizabeth Smiley