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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Engr Uduak Walter Onnoghen <>
Date: Sun, 5 Sep 2021 01:27:23 +0100
Subject: Reply ASAP.

Dear ,

I am Engr Uduak Walter Onnoghen, the son of the recently suspended
Chief Justice of Nigeria. I write to make a plea to you as one of my
father`s friends, who works with the Ministry of Finance under foreign
Contractors payment Reconciliation Department , advised.

To be precise, my father`s case is still under investigation as such,
there are some hidden funds which i want to keep in safer hands so
that this Government will not get hold of it. This is a secret. Even
my father`s friends do not know i am communicating with you over this.

Please, if you are interested in helping me out by receiving the Fund,
reply me for more details.


Engr U.W Onnoghen

Anti-fraud resources: