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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Ms.Sharon Milk" <>
Date: Sun, 5 Sep 2021 00:29:11 +0100
Subject: Dear Email Owner,


The International Monetary Fund (IMF)/ ECO-WAS / UNITED NATIONS is
compensating all the Scam victims and your email address was found in
the scam victim's list for this fiscal year 2021. This I-ECB FINANCIER
COMPANY office has been mandated by the IMF/ ECO-WAS/ UNITED NATIONS
to transfer your compensation to you via western union Money Transfer.

We have concluded to effect your own payment through Western Union
Money Transfer to easy pick up those fund in good condition,$4000
twice daily until the total $2.6 million is completely transferred to
you. We now need your information where we will be sending the
funds,such as;Receiver name(Your full Name)address and phone number.
Contact Western Union agent with this E-mail: ( ).. For urgent inquiry call Bernard for
the payment.

Mr.Bernard Zohon

Contact Bernard,immediately you get this mail to enable him speed up
your payment to released the $4000 dollar MTCN today for you to pick
up the payment OK.

(1)Your Full name:
(2)Your Phone number:
(3)Your Address/Country:
(4)Your Age:

Thank you,
Ms.Sharon Milk
Contact Dir.Western Union Money Transfer,
Cotonou-Benin Republic.

Anti-fraud resources: