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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr. Josh Fiallo <>
Date: 5 Sep 2021 01:05:03 +0200
Subject: Mr. Josh Fiallo

I am Mr. JOSH FIALLO, I got your email address from a mail directory, i decided to give a permission to inherit my funds ($1.5Million USD) One Million Five Hundred Thousand U.S. Dollars) which is with the Alpine western bank. it's sad and painful that am living this earth without wife or children.

I am originally from Norway. my father passed away when i was 21 while my mother passed away in 2009 i have uncles but we are not in good relationship, i don't know the reason but it all stated from my father and i couldn't question him at that moment.

Presently I am 77 years old i work with American Airlines. it was so shock and sad that i contacted this deadly virus (COVID-19) which has taken so many life out this world.

I am presently in a hospital where I have been undergoing treatment.i have since lost the my ability to talk and the doctor have told me that i have only few weeks to live in this earth. so i think the best to do is to use someone who is trustworthy that will inherited my funds, the reason why i decided to give out my funds is to avoid taken by the government. i want you to utilize 60% of my funds to orphanages and widows around the world.

Please as soon as you receive this email reply back to me i will give the details of my bank and also issue you a permission latter that will prove you as the new recipient of my funds

Please assure me that you will use it as i mentioned here and keep this contact saved.

I wait for your reply and contact me on this email please, (


Anti-fraud resources: