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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "MR. Howard Edward" <>
Date: Sat, 4 Sep 2021 15:15:14 -0700
Subject: Goood Day,

Goood Day,

We have concluded to Send your payment through Western Union money
transfer $6,000.00 daily until the total fund of ($3.7MILLION ) is
completely transferred. Meanwhile, MR. Howard Edward has Send you
$6,000.00 in your name today. So contact Mr. Howard Edward, through
Western Union money transfer payment Agent to SEND you the MTCN to
pick up this $6000 now:

CONTACT PERSON: Mr. Howard Edward
Cell Phone +(+229) 60958637
Email Address:(

Please remember to Call and ask him to give you the Reference Number,
sender name, question and answer to pick up the $6000.00. Also you
should send to him your information to cross check it to avoid

Receiver's Name____
Address: ____
Country: ____
Phone Number: ___
Your Occupation ___
I.D Card:____

Though, Mr. Howard Edward has sent $6000 in your name today so contact
Mr. Howard Edward or you call him (+229) 60958637 as soon as you
receive this email and tell him to give you the Reference Number,
sender name and question/answer to pick the $6000 Please let us know
as soon as you received all your fund,

Best Regards.
Mr. James Wilson

Anti-fraud resources: