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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: chiefjudgesurrogatecourt <>
Date: Sun, 5 Sep 2021 04:50:42 +1100
Subject: Attention Dear Beneficiary

Urgent Attention

I am Diplomatic Agent I have been trying to reach you on your
telephone about an hour now just to inform you about my successful
arrival in your Country which i was in ( NEW YORK ) with your ATM CARD
worth of $9.5Million Dollars which I have been instructed by United
Nation Ecowas to be delivered to you,

Contact me with the information listed below
Beneficiary name---------------------
Tel phone----------------------------

Thank you
Mr Edward Dugger.

Anti-fraud resources: