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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mark Roberts <>
Date: Sat, 4 Sep 2021 15:05:03 +0100
Subject: Investment Request/Proposal


We are international project financiers based in Bahrain. We
specialize in both start up projects and existing businesses needing
funding for expansion. We are committed to helping businesses develop
and succeed. We will like to partner with you/your company should you
be interested or may require funding for expansion of your business.
We are currently seeking means of expanding and relocating our
business interest abroad in the following sectors: energy, real
estate, construction, mining, transportation, Agriculture or any other
viable sector with a minimum AROI of 3-5%. This is due to the economic
stability we have seen in your region. We are open for investment on
any lucrative investment you can recommend to us for joint partnership
or 100% funding. I await for your timely response and I will explain
this opportunity in details. Regards,
Mark Roberts

Anti-fraud resources: