fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "god fearing " (scammers in West Africa like to use religious phrases)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Mrs Peggy Cooper <email@example.com>
Date: Sat, 4 Sep 2021 06:34:38 -0700
Subject: DONATION OF FUND WITH TRUST
DONATION OF FUND WITH TRUST.
My name is Mrs. Peggy Cooper from United States, a widow suffering from
Breast Cancer and Stroke, which denied me as a result, i may
not last till the next two months according to my doctor report.I'm
married to late Pastor Donald Cooper, and we were married for many
years without any child before his death. I'm 68 years old woman. I
have some funds i inherited from my late husband the sum of (5.2
million dollars) which i needed a very honest and God fearing person
who will claim the funds from the God Affairs like; donation in the
house of God, propagating the good news of God and to endeavor God
worshiping place and help less-privileged. I found your profile and
i decided to contact you for the donation work of God.
I do not need any telephone communication in this regards because of my
health according to my doctor report, please if you would be able to
use the funds for the work of God as i stated, contact me back so i
I will lead you to (Ally Bank Limited International) where this funds
was deposited by my late husband Pastor Donald Cooper, for you to retrieve
the funds in my name as the next of kin.
please contact me on my private email (firstname.lastname@example.org)
I will stop here until i hear from you.
Always pray for my health.
May God bless you In Jesus name Amen !!!
Mrs Peggy Cooper.