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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Murray Paul"
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 3 Sep 2021 18:47:51 -0700
Subject: Dear Partner!!!

Dear Partner,
Compliment's to you, I am Murray Paul, an employee of National Bank,  Greece in Kalamata, Greece.
I have a very confidential business proposal for you. In January  2001, My client Late Mr. Paul Louis Halley made a numbered-time (fixed deposit) for twelve calendar months valued at (Twenty Eight million Five hundred thousand United States Dollars) in a domiciliary account in my branch here in Greece, He died on 6 December, 2003 near Oxford's airport due to a plane crash of Socata TBM 700 aircraft crash.
After several unsuccessful attempts to locate his next of kin, I decided to go over the Internet, to try and see if any one could be of assistance to me. I have contacted you to assist in repatriating the money and property left behind by my client to your country, before they are confiscated or declared unserviceable. The account values (Twenty Eight million Five hundred thousand United States Dollars) excluding the Acrue Interest, My bank has issued me a notice to provide the next of kin, or have the account confiscated within the next Thirty working days.
Since I have been unsuccessful in locating the relatives for years now, I seek your consent to present you as the next of kin to the deceased, your last name is immaterial. Note also that it does not matter whether you are biologically related to the deceased or not as a next of kin may be a parent ,sister, brother, close relative, associate, friend or even a well-wisher.
All I require is your honest co-operation to enable us see this deal through, then you and I can share the money in the ratio of 2:3. You can contact me through this private e-mail address (
Best Regards,
Mr. Murray Paul.

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