fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mrs. Elizabeth Castro" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sat, 4 Sep 2021 01:39:28 +0100
Subject: Greetings : Beneficiary
Greetings : Beneficiary
This is to officially inform you that we have been having a meeting for the
past Seven month which ended Two days ago with Dr. Robert B. Rollick the
World Bank President and Hon. Mrs. Christine Laggard (IMF) Director
General, in the meeting we treated on Scam victim problems.
The UN Compensation Commission (UNCC) on recommendations of International
Monitoring Group (IMG) have agreed to compensate you with the sum of One
million two Hundred Thousand Dollars (USD$1.200, 000.00) this also includes
international businesses that failed due to Government problems etc?
We have arranged your payment through ATM VISA CARD or direct transfer
into your bank account which is the latest instruction from World Bank
Contact us with your details as shown below for further instruction to
email address : email@example.com,
1. Full Name:.........
4. Telephone:..............& Occupation.......
5. Your Age...... /Sex..........
Mrs. Elizabeth Castro
CC: Hon. Mrs. Christine Lagarde
CC: World Bank Group
CC: Mr. AntÃ³nio Guterres Secretary-General