fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear friend" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: steve Johnson <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 3 Sep 2021 09:06:30 -0500
Subject: Urgent Attention
Hey Dear Friend,
My name is Steven Chance Johnson a USA citizen. I am a retired US Navy officer
and i have as well worked as a retail Insurance and risk management
agent for 30yrs. I am married with two grown daughters.
I am interested in relocating my funds to a secured location.
Can you handle large amount of funds?
Can you send me your business profile?
The reasons I am transferring my funds from its current location are;
1. I received a letter from my bank, UBS in Switzerland requesting to
provide account for the transfer as my account is to be closed on or
before end of September, 2021.
2. The bank chooses to close my account in view of the current legal
battle with the US.
3. I cannot order this fund directly to my US bank account due to the matter on
ground between the UBS AG and the US Government.
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