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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Paul Adams <>
Date: Thu, 2 Sep 2021 07:51:09 -0600
Subject: Certified Bank Draft for you.

Hello my good friend,

How are you doing, hope all is well with you?

You may not understand why this email message came to you, but if you do
not remember me, you might have received an email from me in the past
regarding a multi-million-dollar business proposal which we never
concluded. I am using this opportunity to inform you that the
multi-million-dollar business has been concluded with the assistance of
another partner from France who financed the transaction to a logical
conclusion. I thank you for your great efforts to our unfinished transfer
of fund into your account due to one reason or the other best known to you.
I want to inform you that I have successfully transferred the fund to my
new partner's account in France that was capable of assisting me in this
great venture. Due to your effort, sincerity, courage and trust worthiness
you showed during the course of the transaction I and my new partner agreed
to compensate you and show my gratitude to you with the sum of $500,000.00.
I have left a (Certified Bank Draft) for you worth $500,000.00 cash-able at
any Bank in the world, Five Hundred Thousand United States Dollars Only.

Please contact my account officer through this email address ( for the collection of the Bank draft, her names
are: Mrs. Patricia Dennis, I have authorized her to release the Draft to
you whenever you contact her for the receiving. At the moment, I'm very
busy with my partner because of the investment project which I and my new
partner are having at hand. Please I will like you to accept this token
with good faith as this is from the bottom of my heart, Also comply with
Mrs. Patricia's directive so that the Bank draft can reach you in time.

I did not forget your past efforts and attempts to help on receiving the
fund as requested, Now I am happy about my success in this, I and my
partner are giving you the above mentioned amount as compensation, so that
you can rejoice too!

Yours sincerely,
Mr. Paul Adams.

Anti-fraud resources: