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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.Maxwell Watford" <>
Date: Thu, 2 Sep 2021 13:27:38 +0000
Subject: We are waiting for you

Good day

Let me formally introduce myself, My name is Dr.Maxwell Watford, An
American Citizen, A military doctor presently in Syria I know a letter
of this magnitude will make anyone worried, but believe me, sincerely,
contacting you on this issue wasn't by mistake, this is real and never
a child's play. There is no risk whatsoever as regards this.

I am contacting you for some investment assistance that will benefit
both of us, If only we can trust each other and execute this
transaction peacefully. Before I can release the full details
regarding this proposal to you, Kindly confirm to me your readiness to
handle this deal and sincere trust, I hope you can stand on word?.

Once I hear from you favorably, Then I will furnish you with the details
Thanks for your anticipation cooperation

Doctor Martin Roland
US Military Doctor in Syria

Anti-fraud resources: