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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "James Chan" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 1 Sep 2021 17:10:03 -0700
Subject: Re: GOOD NEWS

Hello Sir,
                                        PAYMENT APPROVAL IN YOUR FAVOR
World Bank Group in conjunction with World Health Organization has approved the sum of US$3,500,000.00 (Three  Million Five Hundred Thousand United State Dollar )  in your favor.
The World Bank Group / World Health Organization has mandated you the lucky winner to receive the COVID -19  benefit Fund of US$3,500,000.00 (US$3.5Million) WORLD BANK GROUP and World Health Organization has awarded you with US$3,500,000.00  (US$3.5Million)  benefit funds with REF NUMBER COVID -19/WBG/08/2021
To receive   your COVID -19 benefit Fund of US$3.5Million Your advised to contact the Payment Manager immediately for more guide.
Timothy Parker
Address: 1818 H St NW, Washington, DC 20433, United States of America.
Tel:  + 1 (516)-400- 2843
James James       

Anti-fraud resources: