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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Deanna Pedrick <>
Date: Thu, 2 Sep 2021 12:00:06 +1100
Subject: Attn: Beneficiary

Greetings Dear beneficiary,

This is Dr Chris James from Bank Of America, We discovered an
abandoned ATM Master Card with a load of $ (Ten Million, Five Hundred
Thousand United States Dollars) by the IMF with your name.

According to our constitution you were denied several times during the
process of the delivery because you refused to take care of
registration and tax fees from our bank institution. However before
the fund is released to you, kindly reconfirm your delivery address
immediately so that we don't make an error or any obstacles in the
delivery process. for more details

Dr Chris James
Bank of America Members.

Anti-fraud resources: