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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "John Thomas McFarlane" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 2 Sep 2021 02:00:04 +0200
Subject: Your Security Code is: (H649PC32)

The Team of Oz Mega Million is Pleased to officially announce you as the Third place prize winner of the Ten Million five hundred thousand U.S.D ($10,500.000.00) prize draw sponsored by Publishing Clearing House. The total amount to be claimed for Fourth place is Five Hundred Thousand Dollars ($500,000.00). Congratulations! Mega Millions will make all necessary arrangements  for you to receive your prize Please contact your Claims Agent or representative immediately to avoid delays as you can contact him via email at ( or through telephone listed below. Also be informed that 10% of your Winning belongs to Oz Group Limited because they are the promotional company that assigns your claim , this 10 percent will be paid only after you have received your awarded prize (money).
Your Claims Agent is: Mr.James Schofield in Australia Telephone +6138-820-5280 / WhatsApp 614-888-97382 (Fax- +61381035050) Email Address: (
Your Security Code is: (H649PC32) as required by US Federal and State laws, your Security code and Prize information must be kept strictly confidential which means that you are precluded from discussing your win with 3rd parties such as (family members, friends and relatives). This is to prevent unlawful tampering and a means to reduce risks of fraud and scams from taking place. As soon as we verify your identity and Security Code number from you, we will immediately release your total sum through wire transfer into your nominated bank account or as you wish us to remit your fund for you. Unclaimed winning prizes are used for education programs, treatment programs, and to increase future prize pools.
Once again, Congratulations!
John Thomas McFarlane
Chief Financial Officer.

Anti-fraud resources: