fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million united state dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "united state dollar" (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a fake lottery scam. Consider the following facts about real lotteries:
- They don't notify winners by email.
- You can't win without first buying a lottery ticket.
- They don't randomly select email addresses to award prizes to.
- They don't use free email accounts (Yahoo, Hotmail, etc) to communicate with you.
- They don't tell you to call a mobile phone number.
- They don't tell you to keep your winnings secret.
- They will never ask a winner to pay any fees to receive a prize!
Fraud email example:
From: David I Mckay <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 1 Sep 2021 23:20:53 +0100
Subject: Attention Customer
This is to inform you that a Winning payment in the amount of
US$4,000,000.00, (Four Million United State Dollars) was legally
approved and deposited with this Bank, Royal Bank of Canada (RBC), and
it was deposited in your name by the Lottery Board Executive
Directors Of Coca-Cola Company Canada Branch, and they instructed this
Bank to credit this Winning direct to your private bank account with
immediate effect, Meanwhile, the good news about your File now is that
your Winning payment file with some of the legal documents backing
this prize has been forwarded to the International Monitoring Fund
(IMF) for final approval, And we shall proceed with the transfer
immediately we hear from you because we were mandated to transfer this
Winning to you as one of the winners whose the name is listed in the
Coca-Cola Company Canada Lottery award.
However, Please note that Royal Bank of Canada (RBC) have decided and
agreed together to send this payment to you by either bank Electronic
wire transfer, online bank transfer, or an ATM Card services depending
on the option you would prefer to receive this Winning for security
purpose, so you are therefore advised to quickly get back to the
management of this bank and let this Bank know the option you choose
to have your Winning credited into your account to enable this Bank to
proceed with the claim process of your Winning.
In accordance with the provision of electronic funds transfer of
subsections 359(6) of the Royal Bank of Canada (RBC) bank allied
matters act 1990, your winning will be transferred to your bank
account within 5-hours, please expedite actions as the rightful
winner, as the administrative overheads statement account valued-added
balance sheet has been issued in your favor. $4,000,000.00 USD Payment
notification from Royal Bank Of Canada (RBC).
We await your immediate response with your information below to enable
this bank to proceed immediately with the transfer of your Winning as
we were directed.
Full name .........
Alternative email address:.....
Please don't fail to fill this form above because it will help this
bank a lot to make sure that you're Winning the transfer immediately.
Secondly, we are so sorry for our late response due to the fact that
we have a lot of customers attending here, so please fill this form
for the immediate transfer.
David I Mckay
The President and CEO.
Royal Bank Of Canada (RBC).
Head Office Location Address: 200 Bay Street,
Royal Bank Plaza,
Toronto, ON, CA, M5J 2J5