fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Ms. Kim Ouk Chan" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 1 Sep 2021 09:05:20 -0700
Subject: Can I have your attention please?
My name is Ms. Kim Ouk Chan, A Thai citizen in Asian Continent but currently
residing abroad, I trust this email meets you in good health, I just got
your contact today during a research about your country and I will say that
I foresee success of my future investment ventures in your country. I want
to invest in your country and I would like you to assist me in my investment
with moral and physical advice.
Please reply to me as soon as possible so we can discuss more.
Ms Kim Ouk Chan