fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Citi Bank <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 27 Aug 2021 05:43:58 -0700
Subject: Attention: Beneficiary,
CITI BANK OF NEW YORK Corporate Office
Headquarters Citibank Address: Citigroup Centre, 33 Canada Square,
London E14 5LB, UK
Citibank United Kingdom Monday-Friday 8 a.m.-9 p.m.
Eastern Daylight Time(EDT) Friday and Saturday
8 a.m.-4 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) cele number +229 6604 2132
Dear Customer ,
My name is Sunil Gary of Citi Bank NEW YORK,How are you doing today? I wish
to inform you that your total fund of $4.5 Million was deposited here by
the Citibank NEW YORK compensation board and we have made all the good
arrangements on how to ensure that your fund hits your account. You are
advised to provide the information below to enable us to enhance the
transfer. Contact email firstname.lastname@example.org
Your BANK NAME:
Your bank address:
Your account number/ routing number
Your Full name and address.
Your Cell Phone number.
We shall proceed and get your fund transferred into your account once we
receive the above information .contact whatsapp +229 6604 2132
(Sunil Gary )
CITI BANK OF NEW YORK