fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "barr." (Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Barr. Donafrio Paul" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sat, 21 Aug 2021 06:45:30 -0700
Subject: do first to contact us
After the meeting we had today with of general overseer Bank of America Office
New York USA which is the bank responsible for the payment of your
long awaited funds of $10.5M, The bank have agreed that you pay a
minimum of $50 only and receive a part payment of your funds worth
$500,000, and by the time you confirm this money in your account, you
can now pay the remaining balance and receive the remaining part of your funds.
This is the best and final option for you to receive your long awaited
funds and be happy, I will send you the information's on how to send
the fee to me once I hear from you, I await your swift response,
Congratulations and God bless.
Contact me on +1313 277 9675
E-mail : email@example.com
Barr. Donafrio Paul
Co-chief Operating Officer,
Bank of America Office New York USA
Tell:+1 313 277 9675