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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Miss. Bruce Richard" (may be fake)
Date: Wed, 11 Aug 2021 01:23:03 +0100
Subject: Re:My Dearest One???

My Dearest One,

This is Miss. Bruce Richard from Trinidad &Tobago. I am writing from the hospital in London ,therefore this mail is very urgent as you can seethat I'm dying in the hospital which I don't know what tomorrow will be.I was told by my doctor that I was poisoned and has got my liver damaged and can only live for some months. I inherited some money ($10.7 Million)from my late father and I cannot think of anybody trying to kill me apart from my step mother in order to inherit the money, she is from Ghana bynationality base in London.

I want you to contact my servant with this information below:

Servant: James Chukwuma
Address: 28 Whitehall Court, London, SW1A 2EJ, UK.
Email :

She will give you the documents of the money and will direct you to a well known lawyer that I have appointed to her, the lawyer will assist you to change the documents of the money to your name to enable the bank transfer the money to you.

This is the favor I need when you have gotten the money :-

(1) Give 20% of the money to my Servant James Chukwuma as she has been there for me through my illness and I have promised to support her in life.

(2) Give 30% of the money to handicap people and charity organization, then the remaining one is yours.

If I don't hear from you, I will look for another person or an organization.

Please do not forget to contact Servant: James Chukwuma May Almighty God bless you and use you to accomplish my wish.

Pray for me always.
Miss. Bruce Richard.

Anti-fraud resources: