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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.Tony Elumelu" <>
Date: Fri, 20 Aug 2021 15:17:21 -0700
Subject: Reply back once you receive this email.

The official of this bank is writing to inform you that we are no
longer happy with your delay and silent over your fund, now we wish to
know how you prefer to receive your fund, do you want to receive it by
wire transfer payment or through ATM card?? Reply back once you
receive this email.

Best Regards,
Mr.Tony Elumelu
UBA Chairman

Anti-fraud resources: