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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "mr john c. williams" <>
Date: Fri, 20 Aug 2021 22:23:34 +0100
Subject: good news

I Am the Executive Director of Federal Reserve Bank USA, The corn of
the matter is that l had been directed by Mrs Kamala Harris, who
signed and approved
sum of $3.5 Million. was
instructed and also signed in your name through Check book. And I wish
to let you know that all the necessary things has been accessed by the
International Monetary Fund (IMF) so kindly contact us for the easy claim
of your funds.
I will be waiting for your response as soon as possible for the
accomplishment of your check book delivery to your home address.
Mr John C.Williams
Executive Director
Federal Reserve Bank USA,

Anti-fraud resources: