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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Sgt. Lisa Martins" <>
Date: Fri, 20 Aug 2021 20:41:42 +0100
Subject: Re: URGENT

Dear Sir,

I am Lisa, Sgt. Lisa Martins currently assigned to the 455th
Expeditionary Aerial Port Squadron, Bagram Airfield, Afghanistan. I
have $100m for Investment.

Contact me if you are interested, I have all it will take to move the
fund to you as a contract fund to avoid every query. I will give you
more details upon the receipt of your response.


Sgt. Lisa Martins

Anti-fraud resources: