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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Pacific Western Bank" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 20 Aug 2021 16:15:39 -0700
Subject: Transfer completed successfully..Congratulations

Dear Beneficiary,

We are pleased to inform you that we have successfully completed the transfer of your fund to your partner's account as scheduled.

Once again, we say congratulations..

Thanking you in anticipation.

Kori L. Ogrosky
Pacific Western Bank.
Available 24/7 for general inquiries
2021 Pacific Western Bank All Rights Reserved.
****DISCLAIMER: If you are NOT the intended recipient and you receive this message by mistake either electronically or mechanically, kindly delete it from your list or notify the Pacific Western Bank by

Anti-fraud resources: