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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dean Graham" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 20 Aug 2021 08:26:42 -0700

Good day,

I am Dean Graham by name. You were made the beneficiary of a fund worth $7.5Million by a benefactor whose details will be revealed to you after handing over the funds to you in accordance with the Agreement we signed with the benefactor when he enlisted our assistance in delivering the funds to you.

In respect to this, we have agreed that the delivery of this package of yours be completed without further delay and has been mandated to be effected within 72 hours. Hence, there is need for you to give us your full contact details along side your international passport or any form of identification so that we will not make the mistake of making the delivery to the wrong person.

1.Full Name
2.Residential Address
5.Direct Telephone Numbers
6.Any Form of Identification

On receipt of the above information, we shall contact you for further details. You can reach me on the email address:

Dean Graham.

Anti-fraud resources: