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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Fri, 20 Aug 2021 08:36:41 -0700
Subject: RE



Dear Sir/ Madam Top secret

I am a secret confidential lady friend to the late Chief of Army staff
of Federal republic of Nigeria, ABBA KYARI.I am in possession of his
US$ 170 million he gave me to deposit in a safe security company in
Europe with (0NE) Ton of Gold Bars before his death. I made the
deposit in my name.
Can I use your information to move the money and the Gold Bars out for
If you agree, send me your full information to change the beneficiary
name to your name. What will be the sharing mode?

Check the website how Nigerian heads of states loots public funds below:

Miss Treasure David.

Anti-fraud resources: