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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "thomas.marchent" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 20 Aug 2021 16:04:08 +0100
Subject: Re: HELLO


My name is Barrister Thomas Merchant , I am a financial consultant and Legal Practitioner.
My client Mr. Andrew Yakubu is a former Group Managing Director of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC).

He is having problem with Nigeria government alleged for looting of fund while in office which in the first instance is wrongly alleged and the government has no evidence to substantiate it, however he has some funds in his name which we want to move out for as precautionary measure and investment into a profitable venture.

He advised that I look for a trustworthy and reliable person who can receive and manage these funds for us hence my contacting you.

Read more at:

Reply back for more details.()


Thomas Merchant.

Anti-fraud resources: