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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: =?UTF-8?Q?David_T=2E=C2=A0_Edward?= <>
Date: Tue, 17 Aug 2021 05:14:15 -0700
Subject: Dear Sir, Re: Change of Your Account Informations

75-1 Shelton Street,Covent
Garden,London WC2H 9JQ
Date; 17/08/2021

Dear  Sir,
                            Re: Change of  Your Account Informations
I am David T,  Edward  The Director General, International Monetary
Fund (IMF) , 75-1 Shelton Street, Covent Garden London WC2H 9JQ ,
Payment Unit.  With reference to your entitlement fund and inline with
Haroon with your purported authorization. This case has been carefully
examined and we have declined Mr. Rasheed O, Haroon application and
reported to the security department for appropriate action, as the
application lacks regular signature. But Did you ever instruct Mr.
Rasheed O, Haroon to claim your US$10.5 Million Inheritance benefit?

Below is the bank account information provided by Mrs   Rasheed O,
Haroon saying that you authorized her to claim your fund that you are
terminally ill.

Name of Bank:    CITI  BANK
Bank Address:  410 Los Cerritos Center,CA  90703.USA
Account Name:  Rasheed O, Haroon
Account Number: 42010208694.
Routing Number:  322271724.
Swift Code:      CITIUS33.

If you had not authorized the change of your bank account in respect
to your outstanding entitlement Payment, therefore notify me
immediately as the notification / declaration was supported with a
sworn affidavit from United Kingdom high court Ref: ILK JJ/202/K2015,
dated 28/07/2021 and signed by Mr. Rasheed O, Haroon who claim and
stated in the sworn declaration that you authorized her to claim the
said fund on your behalf to a different bank account in the U.S.A as
stated above because you were positive of Covid-19 and the Doctor who
is in charge of your case stated that you will not live more than one
Months before  passing away.

This development has caused lots of discrepancies in your payment file
that is why we had to suspend this payment and prompted to contact you
directly via email since your phone has not been connecting before
rejuvenating your payment. You have to be rest assured that I will do
everything within my capacity to successfully actualize the quick
transfer of your fund to any of your nominated bank account if this
instruction is issued and signed by you.

Urgently get back to me as soon as possible if this is not true, so
that we can further our investigation for a possible arrest and
prosecution of Mr. Rasheed O, Haroon, I wait to hear from you if you
are still alive and I will appreciate if we can keep this

Please get back to us via this Email: ( ) only  for further directives:

Sincerely Yours

David T.  Edward  (Director General)
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
75-1 Shelton Street,Covent Garden
London WC2H 9JQ

Anti-fraud resources: