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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Mark Degrange" <>
Date: Tue, 17 Aug 2021 09:40:00 +0100
Subject: Attention: Sir/Madam

Attention: Sir/Madam

I am contacting you on the information given to me by the governing
body of this bank and in reference to the enabling act of the World
Bank/ IMF payment prerequisites to credit you. I wish to keep you
posted on the out come of emergency meeting held this morning with the
World Bank president, the international monetary fund (IMF), London
and Paris club and (UN) hereby wish to inform you that your
inheritance funds worth the sum $6,500,000.00 has been Signed and
forwarded to JP Morgan Chase Bank, where your fund will from credited
to your country bank account. Therefore you are advise to contact the
JP Morgan Chase Bank, with your details as directed below for
immediate payment.

1. First Name:
2. Last Name:
3. Address:
4. City:
5. Country:
6. Mobile telephone number:
7. House number:
8. Office number:
9. Fax-No.
10. 14: Zip/Postal Code:
11. Occupation:

Mr. James Dimon
JP Morgan Chase Bank

Mr. Mark Degrange

Anti-fraud resources: