fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "inheritance funds" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "you are advise to" (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Mark Degrange" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Tue, 17 Aug 2021 09:40:00 +0100
Subject: Attention: Sir/Madam
I am contacting you on the information given to me by the governing
body of this bank and in reference to the enabling act of the World
Bank/ IMF payment prerequisites to credit you. I wish to keep you
posted on the out come of emergency meeting held this morning with the
World Bank president, the international monetary fund (IMF), London
and Paris club and (UN) hereby wish to inform you that your
inheritance funds worth the sum $6,500,000.00 has been Signed and
forwarded to JP Morgan Chase Bank, where your fund will from credited
to your country bank account. Therefore you are advise to contact the
JP Morgan Chase Bank, with your details as directed below for
1. First Name:
2. Last Name:
6. Mobile telephone number:
7. House number:
8. Office number:
10. 14: Zip/Postal Code:
Mr. James Dimon
JP Morgan Chase Bank
Mr. Mark Degrange