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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

Click here to report a problem with this page.



Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs. Cindy Esther Chao." <>
Date: Tue, 17 Aug 2021 02:02:12 -0700

Hello My Dear,

I am Mrs. Cindy Esther Chao the wife of late Mr. Richard Chao. I am a
Indonesian American

Citizen my husband worked with the Brunei Shell Petroleum Co Sdn Bhd
(BSP) for twenty years

before he died in the year 2010.

Since his death I decided not to re-marry or get a child outside my
matrimonial home. When

my late husband was alive we deposited the sum of $5.2 million in a
safe place which i will

tell you later. The management just wrote me as the beneficiary to
come forward to sign for

the release of this fund or rather issue a letter of authorization to
somebody to receive

it on my behalf if I can not come over.

Presently, I'm in a hospital where I have been undergoing treatment
for esophageal cancer.

My doctor have told me that I have only a few months to live. It is my
last wish to see

this money distributed to charity organizations, Because my husband
relatives and friends

have plundered so much of my wealth since my illness, I cannot live
with the agony of

entrusting this huge responsibility to any of them.

Please, I'm seeking for any honest person who will get the Funds. And
use this money to

fund the poor, orphanages, widows and charity organizations.

I took this decision because I don't have any child that will inherit
this money and I

don't want my husband's hard earned money to be misused by his greedy relatives.

I don't want a situation where this money will be used in an ungodly
manner. Hence the

reason for taking this bold decision. I am not afraid of death hence I
know where I am

going if i die.

Due to the state of my health. I can not communicate by phone because
my illness have

affected my throat. I prefer to communicate by email.

As soon as I receive your reply I shall give you the contact detail`s
of my family lawyer

who is conversant with the unclaimed funds and my presents situation.

Above all, the transfer will follow the normal protocol of funds
transfer,backed up with

its papers so that you will not encounter any difficulties/problem
with your Federal

Monetary Control authorities.

Contact me with my private email (


Yours Truly,
Mrs. Cindy Esther Chao.

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