fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "hundred thousand united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "cheque " (Beware of any scheme that involves cashing checks or money orders and then wiring a portion of the funds somewhere - you'll be liable for the entire amount if the checks or money orders turn out to be fake, even after you have received and forwarded cash. If it's a lottery prize, remember that real lotteries do not pay large prizes by check. They wire the money directly to your bank account and you do not pay for that. Many scammers promise a large check only in order to then demand payment of courier fees for a fake courier service. )
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Pete Koffi <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Tue, 17 Aug 2021 01:12:24 -0700
Subject: Hello ...Your compensation cheque from MR. JEAN BUNA.
This is to inform you that am with your compensation fund from your
business partner,Mr Jean Buna. He gave me the cheque and then traveled to
London, United Kingdom.
According to the instruction given by MR JEAN BUNA who kept a compensation
bank draft with me before he traveled to London with his lovely family, he
specifically said that you should be contacted directly for this
compensation and am very delighted to write you today.
First and foremost, as the bona-fides receiver of this compensation,you
have to let me know how you want it to be received. There is only two
processes involved with the release of your total sum which amounted to
$1.500.000.00 USD ( One Million Five Hundred Thousand United States Dollars
). Firstly is through bank transfer and secondly is through Courier Express
Now with all said, you have to choose how you really want your fund to be
sent to you and i will do appreciate it, if you can reply back immediately
you receive this email in other to proceed with the processing of your
transaction. Thank you as your email is being waited for so that we proceed