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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: David Asare <>
Date: Mon, 16 Aug 2021 23:35:26 +0000
Subject: Get in Touch!

Dear ,

I am Mr David Asare, a reputable banker here in Accra Ghana and I contact
you to see how best we can assist each other. One of my late client
Mr.Victor , who happen to bear the same name with you left $6.5 million in
our bank before his dead in China and he has no next of kin to the
inheritance fund in our bank,That is why i contacted you so if you are
ready to co-operate with me secure the fund as the next of kin, then you
get back to me through my private email address for further directive :

I am waiting for your positive response.

David Asare

Anti-fraud resources: