fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "hundred thousand united state dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "united state dollar" (this email uses bad English)
- "courier service" (Courier companies mentioned in 419 scams are always fake. They will have you send money to them, but won't deliver anything. )
- "courier company" (Courier companies mentioned in 419 scams are always fake. They will have you send money to them, but won't deliver anything. )
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Clara James <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 16 Aug 2021 13:12:44 -0700
Subject: TEXT OR CALL +1 513 438 2513 OR EMAIL email@example.com
The World Bank, United Nations and Paris Club introduced this payment
arrangement as to enable our Contract ,Winning Prize,inheritance
beneficiary to receive their fund without any interference. the ATM
VISA Card was contracted and powered by GOLD CARD WORLD WIDE.
The ATM VISA CARD is credited with the sum of$15,500.000.00 USD(Five
Million Five Hundred Thousand United State Dollars), it is already
loaded in the Master Card which you can use to access your fund in any
ATM Stand/location worldwide and remember that the maximum withdrawal
daily limit is Ten Thousand United States Dollars(US$10,000.00)we have
concluded delivery arrangement with the below courier services
companies and their delivery time is stated below.
Note that you will be liable to pay the delivery fee of your ATM VISA
Card with any of the above courier company of your choice before the
delivery will take place to your destination address.