fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "your urgent reply" (scammers rush victims so they don't have time to think properly)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Capt. Lexx Jones" (may be fake)
Date: Mon, 16 Aug 2021 20:33:29 +0200
Subject: GET BACK TO ME URGENTLY....
I am Capt. Lexx Jones, an American Combat Soldier group of 50,000 combatant, left behind in Iraq for advisory and assistance to Iraq Forces after the handing over to Iraq Peace Keeping Force.
I need you to help receive some funds that was discovered during one of our last operation, awaiting release proceedings from Baghdad. Kindly review below links as source of funds:
I do hope you are going to give me your trust in carrying out this venture for our mutual benefit, it's a 100% risk free project but details must be kept in confidence since I am still in service.
I will provide you with more details upon receipt of your response, on how we'll realize the safe release of the funds without breach of law. I look forward to your urgent reply.
Capt. Lexx Jones
Baghdad, Iraq. -