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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Moo <>
Date: Mon, 16 Aug 2021 11:19:53 -0700
Subject: HELLO


I am the personal lawyer to Engr. Michael, who bear the same surname
with you and has died in accident with his family .after all
investigation even with the relevant embassy has yielded no results
showing that there is no living next of kin.

I hereby solicit for your immediate response and positive committed
efforts to facilitate the fund remittal of total sum $40 million USD
before they get confiscated by the security firm. This fund was left
behind with a firm by my late client.

Upon your positive response to this covenant, I will make all
necessary information known to you. get in touch with me through my
email ( ) for more details.



Anti-fraud resources: