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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: John William <>
Date: Mon, 16 Aug 2021 08:18:30 -0700
Subject: Hello my dear friend

Dear friend,

Good morning my dear friend, how are you? The longest time. I am happy to
inform you of my success in obtaining those inheritance funds
transferred under the cooperation of a new partner from the Czech Republic
republic. I am currently in INDIA for investment projects with my own
part of the total sum. Meanwhile, I did not forget your past efforts
and try to help me transfer those inheritance funds
Despite that, it somehow failed us. Now contact my secretary in Lome
Togo, West Africa, his name is Mr. Donald Philip in his email address
( ask him to send you the total of
($ 500,000.00), five hundred thousand US dollars that I
kept for your compensation for all past efforts and attempts of
help me in the transaction. I appreciate your efforts at that time.
much. So feel free to contact my secretary, Mr. Donald, and
Tell him where to send the ATM CARD of the lump sum
of ($ 500,000.00). Please let me know immediately that you receive it for
May we share the joy after all the suffering at that time. In the
At the moment, I am very, very busy here for investment projects
that I am having with my new partner on hand, I finally remember that I
I had sent instructions to my secretary on his behalf to receive
that ATM CARD of ($ 500,000.00) so do not hesitate to contact Mr.
Donald Philip, he will send you the amount without delay.


Lord John William.

Anti-fraud resources: