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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mark Zolu <>
Date: Sun, 15 Aug 2021 09:05:34 -0700
Subject: Good Day,



This is to inform you that Diplomatic Agent Gabriel Cuban has been
clear by the airport authorities with our consignment box that worth
12.8 million dollars and Gabriel Cuban is ready to make the deliver
without hindrance due to the Corona Virus Pandemic. Kindly reconfirm
your information such as Name and address with phone/cell number to
enable him make the delivering immediately and contact Gabriel Cuban
with below information:

Gabriel Cuban
Email: open email(
Phone/cell number: +1(518)302-9637 (Call or Text Message)

Also remember our arrangement on the sharing the $12.8 million dollars
after delivering and I hope you will not betray the trust and
confidence and if you have any question call me or contact me with
email for details if needed and do not disclose the content with
Diplomatic Agent Gabriel Cuban.

Mark Zolu
Email: open email(
Telephone: +229-91738653 or +229-691l11936

Anti-fraud resources: