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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.Michael Daniel" <>
Date: Fri, 6 Aug 2021 11:09:24 +0100
Subject: Dear Email Owner,

I'm Michael Daniel from DHL courier service, Mr. Juan Davila, Come in our
head office, He said that you are dead last three months ago with
motor accident, If you’re still alive. Your urgent reply is highly
needed because he wanted to pay for the required fee of $100 dollars
and claim your fund, we want to confirm from you if it’s true, So be
fast about this now,

Your name,
Your address,
Your phone number,
Your copy I'd,
Your nearest airport,
Clearance fee $100.

It is obvious that you have not received your fund which is
value sum of $10.5millions USD.

My Contact Email: (

Your urgent response is highly appreciated thank you.

Mr.Michael Daniel

Anti-fraud resources: