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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Stefano Pessina <>
Date: Fri, 06 Aug 2021 04:47:10 -0300
Subject: Congratulations

Dear Email Owner:

I am Stefano Pessina, an Italian business tycoon, investor, and
the vice chairman, chief executive officer (CEO), and the single largest
shareholder of Walgreens Boots Alliance. I gave away 25 percent of my personal
wealth to charity. And I also pledged to give away the rest of 25% this year
2021 to Individuals. I have decided to donate $2,200,000.00USD (Two
million two
hundred thousand dollars)to you. If you are interested in my donation, do
contact me for more info

You can also read more about me via the link below

Warm Regard
Stefano Pessina
CEO Walgreens Boots Alliance

Anti-fraud resources: