fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "charles soludo" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- This email message is a "New Partner from Paraguay" scam.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Your Compensation <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Fri, 6 Aug 2021 09:11:13 +0100
Subject: From Mr. Charles Soludo
Dear Good Friend.
I am happy to inform you about my success in getting those funds
transferred under the cooperation of a new partner from UK. Presently
I am in UK for investment projects with my own share of the total sum.
Meanwhile, I didnât forget youâre past efforts and attempts to assist
me in transferring those funds despite that it failed us some how. Now
contact my secretary in Nigeria his name is Emmanuel Aaron.
NAME :Emmanuel Aaron
Contact Email: email@example.com
Contact him and ask him to send you Bank Draft Of $1.2Million Dollars
cash able anywhere in the world. which I kept for your past efforts
and attempts to assist me in this matter. I appreciated your efforts
at that time very much. So feel free and get in touched with my
Secretary Emmanuel Aaron and instruct him where to send the amount to
you. Please do let me know immediately you receive it so that we can
share the joy after all the suffer ness at that time. Do send to
Emmanuel Aaron, your contact details.
1,Your Full Name..........
4,Your Valid I.D or Int"l passport............
In the moment, I am very busy here because of the investment projects
which me and the new partner are having at hand,while my Secretary is
in Nigeria investing in Crude Oil Business with the token i gave to
him finally, remember that I had forwarded instruction to my secretary
on your behalf to receive that money, so feel free to get in touch
with Emmanuel Aaron. he will send the amount to you with out any
Mr. Charles Soludo