fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "western union" (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- "mtcn" (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- Western Union money transfer is completely untraceable and therefore is *not* safe to use with anyone you do not know personally. It is the preferred method of online criminals to collect money from their victims.
Fraud email example:
From: OFFICE <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 6 Aug 2021 07:50:56 +0100
Subject: ATTENTION IS NEEDED PLEASE!
This is to officially inform you that we have finally deposited the
check of your fund (4,500,000,00USD) through western union after our
final meeting regarding your own compensation payment, All you will do
now is to contact Western Union Director Mr.Kenneth Richard Email:.+1
206 201 1135
He will give you more direction on how you will be receiving the funds
on daily basis or wire transfer but Remember to send him your
Full information to avoid wrong transfer such as:
Next Of Kin====
Date of Birth====
Attach Copy I.D====
The first payment of $5,000.00 usd is about to be send today in your
name so contact the WESTERN UNION MANAGER in the person of Mr.Kenneth
Richard as soon as you receive this emailText or call Mr.KENNETH
RICHARD at .+1 206 201 1135 and tell him to give you the Mtcn#, to
pick the first,
Please let us know as soon as you received all your fund