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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Gerald Botwe" <>
Date: Thu, 05 Aug 2021 23:06:32 -0700
Subject: Re: Your order 20210806


I am aware of the unsafe nature of the Internet but compelled to use this medium to reach out to you due to the nature and urgency of this project.

I need a reliable foreign partner to work with me to make a transfer of the sum of Twenty Million, Five hundred thousand US Dollars into your bank account.

If you have the capacity to receive large amount of money, you can contact me so we can discuss.
Please revert to me if you are interested.

Thank you

Gerald Botwe

Anti-fraud resources: