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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Miss grace macos <>
Date: Thu, 5 Aug 2021 19:27:08 +0200
Subject: Miss Grace,

I hope my mail finds you in good health; I am Miss Grace Macos, a 21 years
female from the Republic of Ivory Coast, West Africa, the only surviving
daughter of the late MR David Macos,

My stepmother planned to take away all my late father's treasure and
properties from me since the unexpected death of my beloved father because
my mother died during childbirth and I was left alone with my step mother
to take care of me, meanwhile I wanted to travel to Europe, but she hid my
traveling documents, lucky enough she did not know where I kept my
father’s File and his deposit which he made to my name.

Now I am presently staying in the Refugee Mission Camp and I am seeking for
a long term relationship and investment assistance. My father of blessed
memory deposited the Sum of ($3.5 000.000.00 USD) dollars in one of the Bank
here in Cote d’Ivoire.

I have contacted the Bank to clear the deposit but the Branch Manager told
me that my late father placed an instruction on the deposited funds that I
must present a distant trustee who will help me in investment of the funds.
However, the manager advised me to provide a trustee who will stand on my
behalf for the transfer of the funds,

Consequently, I need your assistance in transferring the money into your
bank account while I will come over to your country and settle down to
continue my education.

I wouldn’t mind having you take 20% of the total sum upon successful
transfer of the fund to your account.

Please I await your prompt response.

Miss Grace,

Anti-fraud resources: