fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "central bank of nigeria" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
Date: 23 Jul 2021 17:09:00 -0700
FROM: DR.JOHN TANKO
TO: THE BENEFICIARY
SUBJECT: VALIDATING YOUR OVERDUE PAYMENT
MY NAME IS DR. AHMED MOHAMMED OF THE TELEX/COMPUTER DEPARTMENT OF
THE CENTRAL BANK OF NIGERIA. I AM SENDING THIS PRIVATE EMAIL
BASED ON THE CONFIDENTIAL NATURE OF THE TRANSACTION; PLEASE I
WILL LIKE TO ADVISE THAT IF AFTER GOING THROUGH MY SUBMISSION TO
YOU AND YOU DO NOT ACCEPT IT, KINDLY KEEP IT TO YOURSELF.
I AM STILL IN SERVICE WITH THE CENTRAL BANK OF NIGERIA (CBN) AND
I WOULD NOT LIKE TO LOSE MY JOB. AS I FOUND OUT THAT YOU ALMOST
MET ALL THE STATUTORY REQUIREMENTS OF THE CBN IN RESPECT OF YOUR
OVERDUE PAYMENT. YOUR PROBLEM IS THAT OF INTEREST GROUPS, A LOT
OF PEOPLE ARE INTERESTED IN YOUR PAYMENT AND THOSE PEOPLE ARE
MERELY DOING PAPER WORK WITH YOU AND THAT EXPLAINS WHY YOU
RECEIVE A LOT OF EMAILS AND PHONE MESSAGES FROM DIFFERENT PEOPLE
IN NIGERIA EVERYDAY. FROM ALL INDICATION, YOU HAVE LOST TRUST ON
WHOM TO BELIEVE TO BE GENUINE.
I CAN ASSURE YOU THAT THIS MAY LAST FOR YEARS, YET NOTHING
HAPPENS TO SUM IT UP. I WISH TO ASSURE YOU THAT WITH MY POSITION
HERE IN THE TELEX DEPARTMENT I CAN PUNCH THE COMPUTER AND CREDIT
YOUR ACCOUNT STRAIGHT. I CAN ACCOMPLISH THIS UNDER THREE DAYS,
BUT WE HAVE TO REACH AN AGREEMENT, FIRST OF ALL, YOU HAVE TO LET
ME KNOW HOW MUCH YOU WILL GIVE ME AT THE CONSUMMATION OF THIS
SECONDLY, YOU WILL HAVE TO OPEN ANOTHER BANK ACCOUNT WHERE YOUR
FUND WILL BE TRANSFERRED TO IMMEDIATELY IT HITS YOUR ACCOUNT.
THIS IS TO AVOID ANY CALL BACK OF THE FUND.
FINALLY, YOU WILL HAVE TO ACCEPT TO KEEP THIS TRANSACTION
STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL, IF YOU ACCEPT MY SUBMISSION, KINDLY GET
BACK TO ME IMMEDIATELY ON MY ABOVE PRIVATE TEL: +2349062327633,
OR SEND ME A CHAT ON THE SAME NUMBER.
YOU CAN REACH ME ON MY PRIVATE TELEPHONE NUMBER 24 HOURS OF THE
CONFIRM YOUR PARTICULARS ON REPLY.
DR. JOHN TANKO
DIRECTOR, TELEX/COMPUTER DEPT.
CENTRAL BANK OF NIGERIA (CBN).