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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: (sent from abused email account)
Reply-To: manuel franco <>
Date: Fri, 23 Jul 2021 07:45:40 -0400 (CDT)
Subject: 2,000,000.00. Euro

You have a donation of 2,000,000.00. Euro
My name is Manuel Franco from the United States.
I won the America lottery worth $768 million and I am donating a portion of it to just 5 lucky people and a few Orphanage homes as goodwill to humanity.
"Fructuoso Rodriguez Perez"

Carretera Tapaste y Autopista Nacional Km 23 1/2,
San Jose� de Las Lajas,Mayabeque, Cuba.
Apartado 18-19, CP 32700.
Telefono:(+53) 4786339

Anti-fraud resources: